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en:produkte:cad_2020:planung:flaechen_qmassen [2019/11/19 11:42] (current)
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 +====== Areas ======
 +===== Configuration options =====
 +Areas can be documented using two different methods: **Gauss-Elling** and **Regular geometries** (triangles, trapezoids, etc.). The documentation type **construction axis** also uses regular geometries that are aligned to a defined straight line (see [[flaechen_qmassen#​automatische_dokumentation_ueber_bauachse|Documentation with construction axis]]). ​
  
 +If the perimeter of an area objects should be documented, the perimeter can be created for the object type **Length** (see topic [[strecken_qmassen]]) at the same time by disabling the option **Prevent length documentation for areas**.
 +
 +{{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_flaechen.png?​nolink|}}
 +
 +<WRAP round tip 90%>
 +In order to improve the clarity in the drawing, the documentation of the areas is stored on the preset [[glossar:​Layer]] //​Dokumentationen_Flaechen//​ (for 3D areas: //​Dokumentationen_Flaechen_3D//​). This can be changed by selecting a layer that already exists in the drawing or by entering a new name using a keyboard. The new layer is then created by DATAflor CAD.
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +In addition, you can use the option **Simplify documentation** (siehe [[optionen_fuer_dokumentation_qmassen#​dokumentation_vereinfachen|Simplify documentation]]) or **Raise points** (siehe [[optionen_fuer_dokumentation_qmassen#​punktzahl_erhoehen|Raise points]]).
 +The discrepancy between the simplified documentation and the exact quantity of the selected drawing object is displayed in the **Documentation** section of the [[registerkarte_quick_qmassen]] tab.
 +
 +The **decimal places** for the drawing documentation and for the mass list in DATAflor BUSINESS or for the export as REB file can be changed. Possible options are: 2 or 3.
 +
 +Three areas can be configured for visible documentation in the drawing: **points**, **edges** and **arcs** and **Regular geometries**.
 +
 +The options for **points** and **arcs** are the same as for length (see [[strecken_qmassen|]] > Configuration options).
 +
 +==== Regular geometries ====
 +{{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_flaechen01.png?​nolink|}}
 +
 +Here you can activate the options **Triangles Heron** and **Prevent rectangles**. For more description,​ see the chapter [[flaechen_qmassen#​dokumentationsmethoden| Documentation method regular geometries]].
 +
 +For triangles and rectangles, the **linetype** and the **color** can be set.
 +Furthermore,​ the drawing representation of the **heights** can be prevented.
 +
 +For the **numbering** of the regular geometries the font style and size, as well as the color can be set. 
 +
 +==== Edges ====
 +{{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_flaechen02.png?​nolink|}}
 +
 +The option **Dimensioning surrounding edges** is essentially for documentation for [[flaechen_qmassen#​automatische_dokumentation_ueber_pruefkanten| Check edges]] or [[flaechen_qmassen#​automatische_dokumentation_ueber_orthogonal| Orthogonal]]. This option can only be activated if the **Create surrounding edges** option is also enabled.
 +
 +In addition, the **linetype**,​ the **color** and in **label** the font style, the color and the size can be set.
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Documentation methods =====
 +Two different documentation options are available for areas, whereby the triangles can optionally be documented according to Heron during decomposition into regular geometries (triangles, trapezoids, etc.). The different documentation methods not only affect the writing of the mass list, but also influence the drawing layout, which can be customized.
 +
 +=== Method 1: Regular geometries ===
 +In drawing and mass lists, areas are broken down into subareas and listed individually. Depending on how the decomposition is carried out in regular geometries, different formulas are used (see [[erlaeuterung_berechnungsmethoden|]] > Calculation formulas REB 23.003).
 +
 +**Triangles according to Heron**: Optionally, the documentation of the triangles according to Heron can be activated when decomposition in regular geometries. Triangles use formula 03 instead of formula 01. Formula 01 derives the area over the base and the height, where formula 03 determines the area from the base sides. For 3D areas, Heron is always activated, because area determination with the height in 3D space can be problematic. The height does not indicate the position of the triangle in 3D space.
 +
 +**Prevent rectangles**:​ Optionally, the documentation can be created without rectangles when decomposition in regular geometries.
 +
 +Area decomposition with regular geometries\\ ​
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0041.gif?​nolink|}}
 +
 +Area decomposition with regular geometries and triangles according to Heron\\ ​
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0042.gif?​nolink|}}
 +
 +REB formulars used:​\\ ​
 +  * 99 - Explanation of the object
 +  * 01 - Triangle (via base height)
 +  * 04 - Rectangle
 +  * 05 - Trapezoid
 +  * 07 - Circle sector
 +  * 09 - Parabola segment
 +  * optional: 03 - Regular geometry calculation with triangles according to Heron
 +
 +=== Method 2: Gauß-Elling (not for 3D areas) ===
 +In the mass list Values for the formula 22 (irregular rectangles from coordinates) are entered (see [[erlaeuterung_berechnungsmethoden|]] > Calculation formulas REB 23.003). If the **reference point** is changed, a different origin is chosen for the calculation in the documentation (see [[hinweise_zur_anwendung_qmassen|]] > Documentation according to Gauss-Elling in the high coordinate range (Gauss-Krüger)).
 +
 +This documentation method is not usable for 3D areas, because the REB specification allows only 2 coordinates,​ so the z-value cannot be taken into account.
 +
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0040.gif?​nolink|}}
 +
 +REB formulars used:​\\ ​
 +  * 99 - Explanation of the object
 +  * 22 - Irregular rectangles from coordinates
 +  * optional: 07 - for circles additionally circular sector calculation
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Automatic documentation =====
 +The procedure for creating area documentation is the same as for length (see [[strecken_qmassen]] > Automatic documentation). ​
 +
 +The only special feature is the creation of **documentation variants** during decomposition into regular geometries. For areas, there are always several options for decomposition in regular geometries (triangles, trapezoids, etc.). ​
 +
 +=== Choose variant ===
 +  - If you want to create another variant, the object must be selected in the mass tree.
 +  - Now you can use the right mouse button for the context menu, select Documentation and there the function **variant**. You can also find the function **[variant]** on the tab [[registerkarte_quick_qmassen#​dokumentation|Quick]].
 +
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0026.gif?​nolink|}}
 +
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0025.png?​nolink|}}
 +
 +A **[New variant]** can be selected until the desired documentation is displayed.
 +
 +In addition to normal 2D and 3D areas, a [[..:​gelaendemodell:​Triangulation]] can also be documented. For this purpose, triangulation must be captured as a 3D object. Triangulation documentation cannot be created or edited manually.
 +
 +<WRAP round tip 90%>
 +If a documentation is created for an area, the length documentation is also created at the same time. This is necessary because when linked to DATAflor BUSINESS, the CAD objects and object properties can be passed to positions. Which property is used depends on the position in DATAflor BUSINESS. However, you can prevent the creation of the length documentation for areas (see Topic [[strecken_qmassen]]).
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +Manually creating a documentation or editing an automatically created documentation is explained in  [[dokumentation_manuell_bearbeiten_qmassen|]].
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Automatic documentation via check edges =====
 +The function **[check Edges]** provides the ability to define edges within a area to which the documentation is aligned. After the edges are defined, the documentation is created automatically.
 +
 +=== Application ===
 +  - In the mass tree, select the area whose contents you want to document. ​
 +  - Now you can use the right mouse button for the context menu, select **Documentation** and there the function **Check edges**. ou can also find the function **[Check edges]** on the tab [[registerkarte_quick_qmassen#​dokumentation|Quick]].
 +   - Define the edge by two points.\\ <WRAP round important 90%>
 +To define the edge, select only points that are on the boundary. Use an object snap.</​WRAP>​\\ \\ {{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0066.gif?​nolink|}}\\ \\ 
 +  - With the function **[Drawing object]** in **derive** you can use an existing straight length that has two intersections with the captured area as a check edge.
 +  - With the option **[Single]** in**Delete**,​ you can delete individual [[glossar:​Prüfkanten]],​ with the function **[All]** you can delete all edges.
 +  - Complete your editing with the function **[End]**.
 +  - The documentation is created in the drawing.
 +
 +|without check edges|with check edges| ​
 +|{{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_objekt_auto.png?​nolink&​300|}}|{{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_objekt_pruefkante.png?​nolink&​300|}}|
 +
 +<WRAP round important 90%>
 +For a complete documentation,​ the values of the outer edges should be displayed. To do this, go to the **Documentation** tab in the **Visible Documentation** section of the **[Edges]**button. In the **Configuration for Edge Documentation** dialog, enable the **Create surrounding Edges** and **Dimensioning surrounding Edges**.
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Automatc documentation with orthogonal =====
 +The **[Orthogonal]** function provides the ability to define edges within a area to which the documentation is aligned. For this purpose, vertical check edges are automatically created along a selected ordinate, from which the documentation is created.
 +
 +=== Application ===
 +  - In the mass tree, select the area whose contents you want to document. ​
 +  - Now you can use the right mouse button for the context menu, select Documentation and there the function **Orthogonal**. ​
 +  - Define the ordinate by two points. Once the second point has been set, the edges are created.\\ {{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0069.gif?​nolink|}}\\ \\ 
 +  - With the **Delete > [Single]** option, you can delete individual edges, with the function **Delete > [All]** delete all edges. ​
 +  - Complete your editing with the function **[End]**.
 +  - The documentation is created in the drawing.
 +
 +|without orthogonal|with orthogonal|
 +|{{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_objekt_auto.png?​nolink&​300|}}|{{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_objekt_orthogonal.png?​nolink&​300|}}|
 +
 +
 +<WRAP round important 90%>
 +For a complete documentation,​ the values of the outer edges should be displayed. To do this, go to the **Documentation** tab and use the button **[Edges]**. In the **Configuration for Edge Documentation** dialog, enable the options **Create surrounding Edges** and **Dimensioning surrounding Edges**.
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Automatc documentation with construction axis =====
 +The **[Draw construction Axis]** function provides the ability to define a distance inside or outside of a area to which the documentation is aligned. After the length is defined, the documentation is created automatically.
 +
 +=== Application ===
 +  - Select the group or a single object in the mass tree, whose contents you want to document.
 +  - Now you can use the right mouse button for the context menu, select **Documentation** and there the function **Draw construction axis**. You can also find the function **[Draw construction axis]** on the tab [[registerkarte_quick_qmassen#​dokumentation|Quick]].
 +  - Define the construction axis with two points.\\ {{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_bauachse_punkt.png?​nolink&​500|}}<​WRAP round important 90%>
 +You can choose any points to define the length. It is also possible to use an existing straight line with a maximum of two points. To do this, enter a **W** or select **Select** in Dynamic Input.\\ {{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_bauachse_w.png?​nolink|}} </​WRAP>​
 +  - Once you have selected the second point or straight line, the documentation is created in the drawing.
 +
 +|without construction axis|with construction axis|
 +|{{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_objekt_auto.png?​nolink&​300|}}|{{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_objekt_bauachse_innen.png?​nolink&​300|}}\\ within the area|
 +| |{{:​produkte:​cad_2019:​planung:​doku_objekt_bauachse_aussen.png?​nolink&​300|}}\\ outside the area|
 +
 +<WRAP round important 90%>
 +For a complete documentation,​ the values of the outer edges should be displayed. To do this, go to the **Documentation** tab in the **Visible Documentation** section of the **[Edges]**button. In the **Configuration for Edge Documentation** dialog, enable the **Create surrounding Edges** and **Dimensioning surrounding Edges**.
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Further steps =====
 +[[hinweise_zur_anwendung_qmassen|]]\\ ​
 +[[strecken_qmassen|]]\\ ​
 +[[volumen_mit_prismen_qmassen|]]\\ ​
 +[[oberflaeche_mit_querprofilen_qmassen|]]\\ ​
 +[[volumen_mit_querprofilen_qmassen|]]\\ ​
 +[[dokumentation_manuell_bearbeiten_qmassen|]]\\ ​
 +[[optionen_fuer_dokumentation_qmassen|]]\\ ​
 +[[mengennachweis_erstellen_qmassen|]]\\ ​
 +[[erlaeuterung_berechnungsmethoden|]]\\ ​
 +[[registerkarte_dokumentation_qmassen|]]