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en:produkte:cad_2016:flaechen [2013/05/28 13:37] (current)
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 +====== Areas ======
 +===== Configuration options =====
 +Areas can be documented with two different methods: by **Gauß-Elling** and on the basis of **Regular geometries** (triangles, trapezoids, etc), where the options **Triangles by Heron** and **Supress Rectangles** can be activated (see **Documentation methods**). ​
  
 +For the visible documentation in the drawing six items can be configured: **Point symbols**, **Number of Regular Geometries**,​ **Edges**, **Arcs**, **Triangles**,​ and **Rectangles**. At this, the settings from the Configuration are applied (see [[Konfiguration]]).
 +
 +If the circumference of area-objects is to be documented as well, the function **Suppress Distance Documentation of Circumference** can be deactivated and the circumference can be documented as distance documentation.
 +
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​doku005.png?​nolink|}}
 +
 +Additionally,​ the documentation can be reduced (see [[Optionen für Dokumentation]] > Reduce documentation) or the number of points can be raised (see [[Optionen für Dokumentation]] > Increase point numbers). The tolerance between the reduced documentation and the exact mass of the selected drawing object is displayed in the section **Documentation**.
 +<WRAP round tip 90%>
 +To improve the clarity in the drawing the documentation of the distance is stored on the pre-set **layer** //​Documentation_Area//​ (for 3D-areas: //​Documentation_Area_3D//​). This can be changed by selecting an existing layer in the drawing or by entering a new name manually via the keyboard. This layer is then newly created by DATAflor CAD.
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +Options for **Point display** and **Arcs** correspond with those for distances (see [[Strecken]] > Configuration options).
 +
 +==== Number Regular Geometries ====
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​doku006.png?​nolink|}}
 +
 +For the numbering of the regular geometries the **text style**, **size**, and **colour** can be specified. Note also the advanced options in the Configuration (see [[Konfiguration]].
 +
 +==== Triangles and Rectangles ====
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​doku007.png?​nolink|}}
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​doku008.png?​nolink|}}
 +
 +For triangles and rectangles the **line type** and **colour** can be specified each.
 +Furthermore the display of **heights** can be turned off.
 +
 +==== Edges ====
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​doku009.png?​nolink|}}
 +
 +The option **Dimension external edges** is essentially necessary for a clear documentation with **check edges** (see below) or **orthogonal** (see below). This option can only be activated when the option **Create external edge** is activated as well.
 +
 +In the middle of the dialogue box for the **Edge Documentation** line type and colour can be specified, and at the bottom in the field **Dimension** the text style, colour, and size can be setup.
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Documentation methods =====
 +There are two different documentation options for areas, where at the decomposition of regular geometries (triangle, trapezoid, etc.) the triangles can be documented optionally by Heron. The different documentation methods affect not only writing the mass list but also the drawing layout which can be customized, though.
 +
 +=== Method 1: Regular Geometries ===
 +In the drawing and mass list areas are decomposed into individual areas and listed separately. Depending on the decomposition of the regular geometries, different formulas are used (see [[Erläuterung Berechnungsmethoden]] > Calculation formulas REB 23.003).
 +
 +**Triangles by Heron**: Optionally, when decomposing the regular geometries the documentation of triangles by Heron can be activated. At this, the triangles are not calculated with the formula 01, but with the formula 03. Formula 01 derivates the area from the base and height, whereas formula 03 calculates the area only with the three bases. For 3D-areas Heron is always activated, because the area calculation on 3D space with a height can be problematic. The height does not reveal the location of the triangle in 3D space.
 +
 +**Suppress rectangles**:​ When decomposing in regular geometries the documentation can be created without rectangles.
 +
 +Decomposition of areas with regular geometries\\ ​
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0041.gif?​nolink|}}
 +
 +Decompositon of areas with regular geometries and triangles by Heron\\ ​
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0042.gif?​nolink|}}
 +
 +Used REB Formulas:​\\ ​
 +  * 99 - Explanation of the object
 +  * 01 - Triangles (through ​ Base height)
 +  * 04 - Rectangle
 +  * 05 - Trapezoid
 +  * 07 - Arc
 +  * 09 - Parabola segment
 +  * optional: 03 - Regular geometry calculation with triangles by Heron
 +
 +=== Method 2: Gauß-Elling (not for 3D-areas) ===
 +In the mass list values for the Formula 22 (Irregular rectangles from coordinates) are entered (see [[Erläuterung Berechnungsmethoden]] > Calculation formulas REB 23.003). By changing the Reference point another origin for the caluclation is used in the documentation (see [[Hinweise zur Anwendung]] > Documentation by Gauß-Elling).
 +
 +This documentation method is not suitable for 3D areas, because only two coordinates are possible according to the REB Specification whereat the Z-value cannot be considered.
 +
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0040.gif?​nolink|}}
 +
 +Used REB Formulas:​\\ ​
 +  * 99 - Explanation of the object
 +  * 22 - Irregular rectangle from coordinates
 +  * optional: 07 - additional arc calculation for circles
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Automatic documentation =====
 +The procedure of creating a documentation for areas corresponds with those for distances (see [[Strecken]] > Automatic documentation). The only special feature is the creation of documentation options when decomposing regular geometries.  ​
 +
 +For areas there are always several options to decompose regular geometries (triangles, trapezoids, etc.). If another option is to be created the object in the object tree needs to be marked.
 +
 +With **[Option]** in the tab **Documentation** is then segmented in a different way.
 +
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0026.gif?​nolink|}}
 +
 +{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0025.png?​nolink|}}
 +
 +A **[New option]** can be repeated as long as the desired documentation is achieved. ​
 +
 +Besides normal 2D und 3D areas a DTM [[Triangulation]] can be documented. For this the triangulation has to be detected in the Object-Manager as a 3D-Object. The documentation of trinangulations cannot be created manually nor be edited.
 +
 +<WRAP round tip 90%>
 +Is a documentation created for an area the distance documentation is generated at the same time. This is necessary, because the CAD-objects can be transferred as construction unit and all object properties as items if thereis a link with DATAflor BUSINESS. Which properties exactly are used cannot be seen in the construction unit list, because this happens in DATAflor BUSINESS. The creation of distance documentation for areas can be suppressed (see **Configuration options**).
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +The manual creation of a documentation or editing of an automatically created documentation is explained in [[Dokumentation Manuell⁄Bearbeiten]].
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Automatic documentation through check edges =====
 +The function **[Check Edge]** is used to define edges within an area that the documentation is to be aligned with. After defining the edges the documentation is created automatically.
 +
 +=== Procedure ===
 +  - Mark an area in the object tree whose content is to be documented. Switch to the tab **Documentation** and select the documentation method.
 +  - Click in the section **Documentation** on the button **[Check Edge]**.
 +  - Specify the edge(s) with two points.\\ <WRAP round important 85%>
 +To define the edge select only points that are on the outline. Use the Object Snap.</​WRAP>​\\ {{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0066.gif?​nolink|}}\\ \\ 
 +  - With the function **[Drawing object]** in the field **Deflect** an existing distance that has two intersection points with the area can be set as a check edge.
 +  - With the option **[Individual]** in the field **Delete** single check edges can be deleted, with the function **[All]** all edges will be removed. ​
 +  - Closed the dialogue with **[End]**.
 +  - The documentation is then created in the drawing.
 +
 +|without Check edge|with Check edge| 
 +|{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0067.gif?​nolink|}}|{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0068.gif?​nolink|}}|
 +
 +<WRAP round important 90%>
 +For a complete documentation the values of the outer edges should be displayed. For this, click on the button **[Edges]** in the section **Visible Documentation** of the tab **Documentation**. The dialogue box **Configuration of Edge Documentation** opens, activate **Create external edges** and **Dimension external edges**.
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Automatic documentation through orthogonal =====
 +The function **[Orthogonal]** ​ is used to define edges within an area that the documentation is to be aligned with. For this, vertical check edges are generated automatically along a selected ordinate on which the documentation is created.
 +
 +=== Procedure ===
 +  - Mark an area in the object tree whose content is to be documented. Switch to the tab **Documentation** and select the documentation method.
 +  - Click on the button **[Orthogonal]** in the field **Documentation**.
 +  - Define the ordinate with two points. Once the two points are specified, the check edge will be created.\\ {{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0069.gif?​nolink|}}\\ \\ 
 +  - With the option **[Individual]** in the field **Delete** single check edges can be deleted, with the function **[All]** all edges will be removed. ​
 +  - Closed the dialogue with **[End]**.
 +  - The documentation is then created in the drawing.
 +
 +|without orthogonal line|with orthogonal line|
 +|{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0067.gif?​nolink|}}|{{:​produkte:​cad:​planung:​dok0070.gif?​nolink|}}|
 +
 +<WRAP round important 90%>
 +For a complete documentation the values of the outer edges should be displayed. For this, click on the button **[Edges]** in the section **Visible Documentation** of the tab **Documentation**. The dialogue box **Configuration of Edge Documentation** opens, activate **Create external edges** and **Dimension external edges**.
 +</​WRAP>​